On the occasion of the 500th anniversary of The Prince, this panel takes up the question of the need for a в??new princeв?? (as famously posited by Antonio Gramsci and Louis Althusser). Machiavelliв??s idea that в??women and men should never give upв?ќ makes it appropriate to see the wholly new prince as a communist subjectivity working to build the communist в??organizationв?? and the practices able to confront capitalism today. After the recent interventions on communism as Idea, actuality and horizon, there is now a need to focus the communist desire on its в??effectual truthв??, which is to say the truth of struggle, actual praxis and organization, so that we can start envisaging in thought-praxis the figure of the в??new princeв??.